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4. Do all HIV tests involve drawing blood?

No. Urine and oral-fluid HIV tests offer alternatives for anyone reluctant to have blood drawn.

Urine testing for HIV antibodies is not as sensitive or specific as blood testing.

Available urine tests include an EIA and a Western blot test that can confirm ELISA results. 

Orasure© is currently the only FDA approved oral-fluid test.

Fluid is collected from inside the mouth and analyzed using an EIA test and supplemental Western blot test, if necessary.

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