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Signs & Symptoms of
HIV & AIDS
5. What are Opportunistic Infections?

Opportunistic infections (OIs) are infections that take the opportunity of a person’s weakened immune system to manifest itself and cause grievous effects on that person. Common opportunistic infections seen in patients at late stage HIV disease ie. AIDS stage include:

    • Candidiasis (oral, esophageal or vaginal)
    • Disseminated Tuberculosis
    • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
    • Cerebral toxoplasmosis
    • Cryptococcal meningitis
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis
    • Kaposi’s sarcoma

Many people are HIV-positive but don't get sick for many years. As HIV disease continues, it slowly wears down the immune system and progresses to AIDS. AIDS is a condition in which the body's immune system breaks down and is unable to fight off certain infections, known as opportunistic infections and other illnesses that take advantage of a weakened immune system.

 
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